Monday, June 14, 2021



Written from first-hand research and illustrated from his personal archive by 

©    George W. Randall     © 

Four stone built kennels each 10½ feet square with a 17 foot long run.

The kennels had their own piped central heating system.
A malicious myth often told about the Bulloughs is that the dog kennels were heated while 
their servants were expected to shiver in unheated accommodation. 
The servant's quarters were similarly heated and each room had an open fireplace.

Regrettably such unfounded "Bullough Bashing" plus salacious innuendo continues 
in published and spoken form ... ... ...

Door lock to outside in end wall. 
Three smaller kennels, each seven feet wide, under a corrugated roof with spiked iron railings atop a rendered stone wall look like a later addition. 

Two of several rough sketches and notes made at the time - November 2004 - with measurements.

****        ****        **   **        ****        ****


In addition to the resident pack of sporting dogs, Sir George Bullough bred Gordon Setters. 
Rum Bess was the "Bitch Challenge Cup Winner for Gordon Setters in 1902."

Rum Bess is described as a "Champion" and Sir George as being 
"a formidable opponent in the ring."

RUM BESS was a black tan Gordon Setter born on 20 May 1899. 
Her sire was champion Redruth Colonel, her dam, Barkival.

Described as a "great stud force", George Bullough's Redruth Colonel, 
(Champion No. 94-KCSB 723B), by General Gordon, (No. KCSB 31232) 
by Grove Silk out of Mr. A. E. Launders' dam, Floss. 

Detail from the oil painting of Rum Bess standing on foreshore of Loch Scresort, the island's only sea loch; signed Maud Earl and dated 1902, displayed in the Smoking Room, Kinloch Castle.

Maud Alice Earl, 1863-1943, 
was a British/American artist still famously known for her accurate, lifelike painting of canines. 


(From: Cruft's International Dog Show and Exhibition of Sporting Appliances Catalogue 13, 14 and 15 February 1901)

"Formerly called Gordon Setters, the breed is closely connected with the Duke of Gordon who introduced the breed in 1820 at his Gordon Castle Kennels, east of Inverness, Scotland.
There are many good specimens not related in any way to that particular strain, the colour of which was black, tan and white. The Black and Tan Setter is heavier than the English or Irish varieties and shows more more of the hound and less of the spaniel. Head is stronger than that of the English Setter, with deeper and broader muzzle and heavier lips; ears are also somewhat larger and the eyes often show the haw - often referred to as the third eyelid which moves horizontally across the eyeball. The black should be as jet and absolutely free from white. 
The tan on the cheeks, over the eyes, on the feet and pasterns should be bright and clearly defined, equally the feathering on the forelegs and thighs."                      (Pages 124/125 of Catalogue.)

Gordon Setters, also known as "black and tans", have a coal-black coat with distinctive markings of a rich chestnut or mahogany colour on their paws and lower legs, vents, throat, and muzzles; one spot above each eye; and two spots on their chest. A small amount of white is allowed on the chest. Although uncommon, red Gordons are occasionally born to normal-coloured parents, the result of expression of a recessive red gene. Predominantly tan, red, or buff  dogs are ineligible for showing. A Gordon's coat is straight or slightly waved (but not curly), long and silky, with chest, stomach, ear, leg, and tail feathering. According to the AKC breed standard, "the bearing is intelligent, noble, and dignified". They are the heaviest of the setter breeds, with males reaching 27 inches (69 cm) at the withers and up to 80 pounds (36 kg) in weight.

Other Black and Tan Setters owned by George Bullough include:
Rum Beauty; Rum May; Brace; Rum Major; Rum Wallace; Rum Pilot, 
Redruth Colonel - sire of Rum Bess; Barkival - dam of Rum Bess; 
 Rum Jet; Rum Captain; Tralivall and Rum Gladys.

George Bullough's Redruth Colonel was the sire of Rum Bess 
who was born 20 May 1899.

Described as a "great stud force",  Redruth Colonel by General Gordon, 
(No. KCSB 31232) by Grove Silk out of Mr. A. E. Launders' Floss
 was Champion No. 94-KCSB 723B.

"One of the grandest Gordon Setters ever exhibited."
-  Country Life Illustrated - 2 December 1899


National Dog Show Awards to Redruth Colonel:

L-R:  The National Challenge Bowl - Commemorative Medal
Sir George Bullough's Champion Redruth Colonel, Winner at the 1901 Exhibition

National Dog Show 1900 -  Awarded to Mr. G. Bullough - Champion Redruth Colonel

National Dog Show 1901 - Winner's Class - Awarded to Sir George Bullough - Redruth Colonel

National Dog Show 1899 - Winner's Class - Awarded to Mr. G. Bullough - Redruth Colonel

The Scottish Kennel Club awards to Redruth Colonel and Rum Pilot:

L-R: Won by Sir George Bullough - Champion Redruth Colonel

The Scottish Kennel Club 1901

Rum Pilot 1901

Rum Pilot, born 20 June 1899, sire Redruth Colonel, dam Tralivall
First in Championships at Edinburgh, was offered for sale on page 125 of 
"Cruft's International Dog Show and Exhibition Catalogue 
for the 13th, 14th and 15th February 1901" at £250.*

* CPI Inflation Calculator: £100 in 1899 = £13,181 in 2021 (i.e.  almost £33,000.)

Knighted in 1901, Sir George Bullough exhibited Redruth Colonel and Rum Pilot 
at  The Scottish Kennel Club's Ayr Dog Show the same year.
As well as being Winner at Cruft's Sir George Bullough's Redruth Colonel 
was Champion at Manchester, Ayr, Darlington, Edinburgh, Birmingham 
and Crystal Palace Kennel Club exhibitions.

The shield: 
Crufts Dog Show 1902  -  The New Century Century Shield  won by
Sir George Bullough's  Rum Captain.

George W. Randall Research and Photographic Archive
POSTED 14  JUNE 2021 


Sunday, April 25, 2021


Wood-block prints from Album IX   -   CAPE TOWN

George W. Randall Research and Photographic Archive 1992 – 2021.

 Photographed with permission from the originals in the Library at Kinloch Castle, Isle of Rum, Scotland.

 Time of George Bullough’s visit to Cape Town, South Africa July / August 1893.

 In September 1892 twenty-two year old George Bullough (later Sir George, Baronet of Rum) embarked on a thirty-five month long world tour. In July/August 1893 he made his first of two visits to South Africa when he spent several weeks in Cape Town.

His second visit was in September/October 1893 when he visited the “diamond city of Kimberley” and      the “gold city of Johannesburg” – see separate post on my Art Treasures of Kinloch Castle blog. 

This late Victorian world he captured in photographs and prints he later mounted in twenty leather albums today in the library at Kinloch Castle, his Highland home.


I  Ceylon/India;  II  Ceylon/India;  III  India;  IV  India;  V  India;  VI  India/Burma;  VIII  Australia;

VIII  Cape Town;  IX  South Africa;  X  South Africa/Madeira/Hobart;   XI  Tasmania/New Zealand;

XII  New Zealand;  XIII  Natives: Africa/New Zealand;  XIV  Japan;  XV Numea/Batavia/Singapore;

XVI  China; XVII China/Japan;   XVIII  New Zealand/New Caledonia;  XIX  Honolulu/California;

XX  Salt Lake City.

Album IX  -  Page 8  -  Each image 3¾ x 2 inches.
Clockwise from Upper Left: 
Parade, Cape Town; The Devil's Peak and Mowbray; Houts Bay; Fishmarket, Cape Town.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Houts Bay refers to the coastal town, the horse-shoe shaped bay or the whole valley in which the town is situated. When the Dutch colonised Table Bay in 1652 their immediate need was timber.

Located in a valley facing the Atlantic Ocean Hout(s) Bay, (in Afrikaans  Houtbaaitjen  meaning “Wood Bay”), was named by the Dutch navigator and colonial administrator Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck in 1652. Due to low rainfall there were no large forests in the vicinity of Table Bay to provide the necessary timber for construction and ship building by the first colonists. The solution was found in a wet valley twelve miles south-south-west of Cape Town bordering Hout Bay. In 1668 a road link was completed and permits were granted to cut and saw timber from the Houts Bay forests, woodland van Riebeeck described “as being the best in the world.”

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Mowbray today is one of the Southern Suburbs of Cape Town on the lower slopes of 3,300 foot high Devil’s Peak. The village was established about 1853 on the farm of Welgelegen,             nestled in the valleys of the Bottelary Hills, neat Stellenbosch, in the Central Karoo             district of the Western Cape.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.
Note the telegraph pole, extreme right.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Compare the block print above with the (19)04 franked postcard left of the same scene. 
With Table Mountain in the background, the market was located in Rogge Bay.   

Beginning in 1867 much of the bay has  been reclaimed and today is part of De Waterkant, a sub-district of Green Point, an affluent suburb on the Atlantic Seaboard of Cape Town. 

Album IX  -  Page 11
Clockwise from Upper Left: 
Dutch Reformed Church, Cape Town; Adderley Street, Cape Town;
Greenmarket Square, Cape Town; Plein Street, Cape Town. 

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.
Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

LEFT: Portion of Plein Street 1870. (T. Hilton)

  Runs parallel with Adderley Street towards the harbour area. 

The first horse-drawn tramway running Cape Town to Green Point was inaugurated in 1863.
Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.         (Right: Lion's Head.)

Adderley Street, originally named Heerengracht after the canal which ran down the centre, was for many years a residential street lined with large houses and oak trees. As a major thoroughfare through Cape Town by the mid-1800’s, it increasingly became commercial. In 1850, influential merchant and mayor, Hercules Cross Jarvis, 1803-1889, re-named it Adderley Street in honour of the British Parliamentarian and President of the Board of Health, Charles Bowyer Adderley, 1814-1905. Elevated to the peerage in 1878 as Baron Norton, he fought successfully against the plan for the British government to make Cape Town into another penal colony.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Shop sign reads: "Ironmongery Warehouse."

Greenmarket Square has a history dating back to 1696 when a Rococo Style burgher or watch house was built, the appointed burgher being the official representative of the borough responsible for security. 

The square subsequently served as a slave market, vegetable market before becoming the administrative and social centre of the town. Today it is pedestrianised, stalls selling a vast range of goods including antiques and African curios. The watch house was demolished sixty-five years later (1761) and the Old Town House built on the site where it also served as the city hall.          (See Image 20 wood block print.) 

By 1845 almost all the single-storied buildings round the square had been replaced and in 1879 the Central Metropolitan Church was built to the right of the Old Town House. Today the Old Town House remains, at the very hub of Cape Town, where it houses the Michaelis Collection donated by Sir Max Michaelis in 1914 consisting renowned examples of Netherlandish Art from the 17th century.

                                     LEFT: The Old Town House in 1762 and RIGHT in 1876.

Each woodcut: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Album IX  -  Page 14  -  Clockwise from Upper Left: 
Cape Town looking east; Parliament House, Cape Town, West Front;
Standard Bank, Cape Town; Table Mountain from the Docks.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.   (Devil's Peak.)

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.  (Left: Devil's Peak.  Right: Table Mountain.) 

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Cape Town Guide 1897.

Standard Bank, Adderley Street.      Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

1939 Advertisement for The Standard Bank, Cape Town.

Album IX  -  Page 16  -  Clockwise from Upper Left: 
Fish Market; Government House; Adderley Street;
New Houses of Parliament and Queen's Statue - Cape Town.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.
          Following permission in 1853 by Queen Victoria for the establishment of a parliament in Cape Colony a purpose built building was designed and completed in 1884 in Neoclassical style incorporating elements of Cape Dutch architecture. Later additions were added in the 1930’s and 1980’s to blend in with the original, these today are home to the National Assembly, the original housing the National Council of the Provinces. The building was declared a National Heritage Site by the South African Heritage Resources Agency and awarded Grade One status. The granite statue of Queen Victoria was erected in 1887 in celebration of her Majesty’s Golden Jubilee, fifty years since her accession on the 20th of June 1887 as Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.  Designed by English sculptor Sir Thomas Brock, K.C.B., R.A., (1847-1922), Brock also designed the Victoria Memorial in front of Buckingham Palace, London.

                                                                The Cape Town Guide 1897.

The Cape Town Guide 1897.

Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

The building has been enlarged and renovated numerous times since 1674 when the Dutch East India Company built a “garden house to store tools for the Company’s large garden” established by thirty-three year old Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck founder of Cape Town in 1652. In 1682 it was converted into a guesthouse for foreign guests of the Commander of the Dutch East India Company’s colony at the Cape of Good Hope, (1891-1699), Simon van der Stel, born 1639, died 1712.

The Cape Town Guide 1897

Further enlarged by 1751 records show it was used as a summer residence of the Governor becoming  known  as The Governor’s House by 1790.

Following British occupation in 1806 the decorative façade of the Dutch period were concealed and replaced to that  of the Georgian period. The first Governor of the Cape of Good Hope was the Irish Peer, Du Pre Alexander,   2nd Earl of Caledon. He was succeeded in 1811 by fifty-one year old General John Francis Craddock, 1st Baron Howden. Howden resigned in 1814 to be succeeded by General Lord Charles Henry Somerset, son of the 6th Duke of Beaufort.

ADDERLEY STREET (CAPE TOWN)  Original size: 3¾ x 2 inches.  


                By Appointment to 
                          His Excellency The Governor, Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson                       
 Governor of Cape Colony 1901-1910

                                E. Burmester, Burmester’s Buildings, Adderley Street, Cape Town.                                                 Manufacturing Jeweller, Watchmaker, and Optician.                                  Importer of English, French, and German Goods.

Best Gold and Silver Jewellery. Silver Cups, Spoons and Forks. Table Cutlery and Silver Plated-ware. English, German, and Waltham Watches. Nickel Silver and Electro-plated Spoons and Forks. Telescopes, Opera Glasses, Microscopes. Surveyor’s Instruments. Photographic Material’s and Chemicals. Albums, Purses, and Jet Goods. Spectacles and Eyeglasses.

Agent for the Celebrated Berlin Reading Table, and Hanging Lamps (with Round Burners), which received the God Medal at the Exhibition.

Watches, Clocks, and Jewellery Repaired on the Premises.

                                                                                                                                                          From Invoice Head 1881.

The business of E. BURMESTER was run by Ludwig Karl Emil Burmester,  only son of Johann Christian and Caroline Burmester. Born in Brunswick, Lower Saxony, Germany on the 22nd of September 1832, Emil “was a naturalised British citizen.” Having moved to Cape Town around his thirtieth year, in 1864 Emil established his business at 23 Adderley Street, Cape Town’s main shopping street with “around one hundred and fifty retail shops.” As business grew it became necessary to move to larger premises. Records indicate E. Burmester at 58 and 86 – 92 Addereley Street. By 1901 it “was housed in a splendidly refurbished building at 86 Adderley Street”, by Appointment to His Excellency the Governor, Sir Walter Francis Hely-Hutchinson.

           On the 26th of April 1868, by special licence in the Matrimonial Court, he married twenty-four year old Karoline Agnes Augusta Eyserbech, they had six children; Emil Wells, Alice Eveline, Alfred William, Daisy Maude, Albert Victor and Arthur Phillipp,

In his seventies Emil retired with his wife to Thȕn, near Bern, Switzerland. Agnes Burmeester died on the 28th of  February 1919 and her husband on the 29th of October 1919, aged eighty-seven.

                            ADDERLEY STREET (CAPE TOWN)       Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.                       William  DUNCAN & Co. Carpets and Floor Cloth Show Rooms.

   William Duncan & Co. was a drapery and household goods  business adjacent to jewelers E. Burmester, Adderley Street, Cape Town. I have been unable to discover any early information relating to Mr. Duncan or the establishment of his imposing store. It is possible he was born in Dundee, Scotland, where his uncle was a jute manufacturer.

Having arrived in Cape Town he set up business in household wares, the shop signage listing “Carpets and Floor Cloth” in its showrooms. In 1886 William Duncan was joined by his nephew, eighteen year old William Duncan Baxter who took over the business nine years later when his uncle died in 1895.

Nephew William Duncan Baxter was a successful businessman, serving as president of the Association of Chambers of Commerce from 1916 to 1918. As a politician he showed great interest in political and civic affairs being elected member of the Cape Town City Council in 1904 and Mayor of Cape Town in 1907. 

The following year he was a member of the lower house of the Cape Parliament and from 1910 to 1920 a member of the Union House of Assembly.

Baxter married twenty-two year old Ethel Jagger, eldest daughter of prominent Cape Town businessman John William Jagger in 1911. 

They had six children, two sons and four daughters.

Both died and are interred in South Africa, Ethel in 1946, her husband in 1960.

Album IX  -  Page 18  -  Original size of each: 3¾ x 2 inches.  
Clockwise from Upper Left: 
Table Mountain; Table Bay and Town; The Grange Rondebosch, the Governor's House;
Interior House of Parliament.

TABLE MOUNTAIN.   Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.    (Devil's Peak to right.)      

INTERIOR HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT.   Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.  

TABLE BAY AND TOWN.   Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.  

         THE GRANGE, RONDEBOSCH, THE GOVERNOR'S COUNTRY RESIDENCE.             Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.  

These photographs and the above text seem to be at odds.
The building below clearly has the thatched roof referred to in The Graphic article, whereas the picture with the article (above) suggests it is the re-built property called "The Grange"                 in the woodcut.
But Mr. Bullough visited Cape Town in July / August 1893, predating the fire, yet his woodcut depicts the "Mr. Cecil Rhodes' House, Groot Schnur" dated1896 below.

Above and below from Post Card dated 1895.

Dated 1896.

Album IX  -  Page 20  -  Original size of each: 3¾ x 2 inches.  
Clockwise from Upper Left: 
Railway Station, Cape Town; View of Lion Rump, Cape Town; Victoria Road, Campo Bay;
Town Hall & Wesleyan Church, Cape Town.

Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches. 

The Cape Town Guide 1897

Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches. 

          Methodism came to South Africa in 1855 when British soldiers were first stationed at               Cape Colony.

The foundation stone for the Wesleyan Church was laid in 1876 on a site purchased the previous year for £1,850. Completed in 1879 at a cost of £17,700 by the building company T.I.C. Inglesby under the supervision of the architect Charles Freeman. The church, which opened on the 12th of November, is deemed “a masterpiece of high Victorian Gothic Revival architecture”. 

Today the basilica type church, with the lean-to roof of the aisles broken by a series of ten gabled transverse roofs is the second-oldest remaining building facing Greenmarket Square. 

The tower houses a massive bell weighing three and a half tons. Today known as the “Silent Bell”, it was last rung in 1897 to celebrate Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee when it shook the foundation stones of the Church and surrounding buildings for the last time.

The architect, Charles Freeman was born in the village of Prestbury, Gloucestershire, England in 1833. He served a four year apprenticeship with architect and builder George Clarke at Wotton Haven, near Warwick, after which he supervised the erection of St. Mark’s Church,   Cheltenham, consecrated in February 1862  at a cost of £3,540, architect John Middleton.           In 1863 he was recruited by the architectural department of the Natal Government and emigrated to South Africa. In 1872 he moved to Cape Town. Despite his initial plans to build the Houses of Parliament being flawed he went on to establish his own highly successful private practice. Other famous buildings he designed include the Standard Bank Building (1880) in Addersley Street and the five star Grand Hotel commissioned by the Union Steamship Company in 1894.             Charles Freeman died in 1911.

Reference: “History of the Wesleyan Methodist Church of South Africa” by Rev. J. Whiteside published 1906

The Cape Town Guide 1897

Photograph of the Wesleyan Church and Town Hall, Greenmarket Square, Cape Town.
(Cape Town History - A Tourist's Guide)

Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.  (Devil's Peak)

                                                            VICTORIA ROAD - CAMPO BAY                                                             Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

                                        Album IX  -  Page 21  -  Original size of each: 3¾ x 2 inches.                                                Clockwise from Upper Left: 
The Castle - Cape Town; Simon's Town; Wynberg Camp - Wynberg; Simon's Town.

Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Thirteen years in the building the Fort was constructed by the Dutch East India Company between 1666 and 1679 and remains the oldest colonial building in South Africa.

SIMON'S TOWN     Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

SIMON'S TOWN     Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Original full size: 3¾ x 2 inches.

Wynberg camp was founded in 1804 following a report by an appointed commission to find a suitable location for a military base. Because of its strategic position De oude Wynberg, the farm of leading British colonist Alexander Tennant, (born in Ochiltree, Ayrshire, Scotland in 1772) was chosen. In March 1809 Tennant sold 78 morgen (48 acres) to the Cape Government. A further 54 morgen (thirty-three acres) were purchased in June 1886 by the British Secretary for War, Henry Campbell-Bannerman. In December 1921 the remaining “land, property and buildings” were transferred to the Government of the Union of South Africa.

In the creation of this Blog extensive reference has been made to the following work
which I hereby acknowledge and recommend reading.

END OF POST  -  1 MAY 2021